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RVHD-2 vaccination
Over the last few years, a new strain of Rabbit Viral Haemorrhagic Disease (RVHD-2) from Europe has been spreading through the UK. While less serious than the original RVHD-1 strain which tends to kill 100% of infected rabbits, the new RVHD-2 strain can cause severe illness and and results in death in up to 25% of infected rabbits. The current combined Nobivac MyxoRHD vaccine only covers myxomatosis and RVHD-1. It does not offer protection against the new RVHD-2 strain. Filavac KC+V, a new vaccine from Europe that covers RVHD-2 is now available to our clients. This vaccine does not include protection against myxomatosis and therefore, rabbits will need both vaccines. 

What is the difference between RVHD-1 and RVHD-2?
RVHD-1 is fatal in 100% of affected animals and signs of illness are rarely seen before the animal dies. RVHD-2 takes longer and therefore clinical signs of illness including anorexia, weight loss, bleeding, seizures, fever and jaundice may be seen. The mortality rate can be 25%.

What are the signs of RVHD-2?
Bleeding under the skin or from the mouth, anus or vulva. Anorexia, weight loss, internal bleeding, seizures, fever, jaundice and results. Death in up to 25% of infected rabbits

How is it spread?
The virus is spread through direct contact with other rabbits, saliva, urine, faeces, clothing, shoes and other objects as well as grass and plants. Insects can also spread it.

Why do I need to use both the Nobivac MyxoRHD and Filavac RHD KC+V vaccines?
Both outdoor and indoor rabbits are at risk of myxomatosis, a very common, fatal disease of rabbits spread by fleas and biting insects. Filavac does not offer any protection against myxomatosis.

Can I have both vaccines done at the same time?
No. We advise a 2 week gap between the vaccines in order to allow time for the immune system to respond to both vaccines

What are the side-effects of Filavac RHD KC+V?
The main reported side-effect is development of a small skin nodule at the injection site that may last up to 2 months. Although, not a UK vaccine, Filavac has been used for several years in Europe.

What age can rabbits be vaccinated and how long until they are protected?
From 10 weeks of age. Rabbits should have immunity after 7 days following the injection

How many injections are needed for the primary course?
1 injection, as long as the rabbits are over 10 weeks of age

How long does protection last?
Although immunity can last up to 12 months in some animals, for full protection the manufacturers recommend a booster every 6 months

How much will the vaccine cost?
The vaccine will cost 34

For further information or to book a vaccination, please contact the surgery.

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Battle Flatts Veterinary Clinics is a trading name of CVS (UK) Limited; a company registered in England and Wales. 
Registered number: 03777473. Registered office: CVS House, Vinces Road, Diss, Norfolk IP22 4A